Spectroscopie par résonance ferromagnétique (FMR)

PhaseFMR de NanOsc

Le PhaseFMR de NanOsc mesure la résonance ferromagnétique d'un échantillon de couche mince magnétique et en déduit ses propriétés fondamentales. L'instrument offre une solution abordable, prête à l'emploi et facile à utiliser pour les mesures magnétodynamiques. Il offre également la possibilité d'étudier de nouveaux phénomènes tels que le pompage de spin, l'effet Hall de spin et l'effet Hall de spin inverse (ISHE). Il est livré avec tout le matériel micro-ondes et de détection, ainsi qu'avec un logiciel de mesure et d'analyse. Il est nécessaire de posséder un ordinateur, un aimant et une alimentation électrique pour l'aimant, que nous pouvons vous fournir sur demande pour son bon fonctionnement.

Caractéristiques
  • Gamme de fréquences : 2 - 8 GHz, 2 - 18 GHz et 2 - 40 GHz
  • Mesure les couches ultra-minces jusqu'à 2 nm
  • Pas besoin de micro-ondes ou d'instruments de détection externes
  • Interface Labview
  • Version ultra-basse température, le CryoFMR

Plus d'informations

The ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) of a magnetic thin film is a fundamental property for any high-frequency magnetic and spintronic application, such as hard drive read-heads, MRAM, spin torque MRAM, and spin torque oscillators. PhaseFMR measures the ferromagnetic resonance at different applied magnetic fields and its analysis software extracts:

  • Saturation magnetization (Ms)
  • Intrinsic damping (α)
  • Inhomogeneous broadening (ΔH)
  • Gyromagnetic ratio (γ/2π)

In magnetic nanostructures, other higher spin wave modes may dominate and a complete understanding of these modes is necessary for final device operation and reliability. PhaseFMR measures the location and field dependence of such modes.

Coplanar waveguide ferromagnetic resonance (CPW-FMR) is a spectroscopic technique that takes advantage of the coupling between an RF signal traveling in the CPW, and the oscillating magnetization of a sample sitting on top of it. When a ferromagnetic sample is placed in a constant uniform external field (HDC), its magnetization will align along the direction of the applied field. It is then possible to excite a percession of the sample magnetization by applying a small RF field at an angle to the direction of magnetization.
Since the resonance frequency fFMR of the magnetization depends on the local field, sweeping the external field  while  holding  the  frequency  of  hrf constant  will  yield  an  absorption  spectrum corresponding to the FMR response at that particular frequency.
Furthermore, if we refer to the Kittel formula for thin films with an in-plane magnetization and negligible anisotropy,

we can see that for this geometry it is possible to extract the saturation magnetization Ms or the gyromagnetic ratio γ. Finally, the linewidth of the peak can be used to extract parameters of the dynamic behavior of the spin excitation, such as the intrinsic damping α and the inhomogeneous line broadening ΔHo.

Applications

Measures ultra-thin films down to 2 nm

The PhaseFMR instrument has excellent signal-to-noise performance and allows FMR measurements of ultra-thin films. As reference, CoFeB films down to 2 nm are readily measured.

CryoFMR

The PhaseFMR has already been integrated into different cryostats, namely the PPMS family from Quantum Design, including PPMS, DynaCool and VersaLab. For the Cryostation s50 from Montana Instruments with magnet-option the user is able to combine the PhaseFMR with the cryostat on his own . The low temperature versions of the PhaseFMR are called CryoFMR. For integration with the QD cryostats, a dedicated modified multifunction probe with Helmholtz coils was developed. NanOsc Instrument provides two CPWs for analysis of thin films with in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic fields together with the complete integration in the PPMS family cryostats.

Téléchargements

Broadband FMR spectrometer
Introduction to braodband FMR spectroscopy

Contact

Nicolas Tcherbak
Nicolas Tcherbak

Contact

Quantum Design S.A.R.L.

1 avenue de l’Atlantique
Bâtiment Mac Kinley
91940 Les Ulis
France

Tél. :01 69 19 49 49
Fax :01 69 19 49 30
Email :france@qd-europe.com
Nicolas TcherbakDirecteur Commercial
01 69 19 49 49
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